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Medu Vada

Medu Vada is a South Indian fritter made from Vigna Mungo (black lentil or urad dal). It is usually made in a doughnut shape, with a crispy exterior and soft interior. A popular food item in South Indian and Sri Lankan Tamil cuisines, it is generally eaten as a breakfast or a snack. Medu Vada are crispy, fluffy, soft and delicious lentil fritters from the South Indian cuisine.


1. 2 Cups Vijayalakshmi Urad Dal
2. 1 Teaspoon cumin seeds
3. 1 Teaspoon black peppercorns, whole or crushed (optional)
4. 1 or 2 sprig curry leaves, chopped
5. 1 medium onion, finely chopped (optional)
6. 1 or 2 green chilies, chopped
7. 1 tablespoon finely chopped ginger
8. ⅓ cup chopped coconut pieces, optional
9. Few sprigs of coriander leaves, chopped (optional)
10. Salt to taste
11. Oil for deep frying
12. Some water if needed to grind the batter.


1. Soak the Vijayalakshmi Urad Dal for 4 hours or overnight.
2. Grind the soaked Vijayalakshmi Urad Dal to a smooth batter with little water if required.
3. If the batter becomes watery, then the instant relief would be to add some semolina or Vijayalakshmi Urad Dal flour to it. Otherwise also you could add some semolina to the batter.
4. Add the spices, herbs, onions and salt. Mix well.
5. Take a bowl of water. Apply some water from the bowl on both your hands. take some batter in your right hand from the bowl. Give it a round shape.
6. With your thumb make a hole in the center. You can also use banana leaves or zip lock bags to give the medu vada its doughnut shape.

Making Medu Vada

1. In a Kadai heat oil. Keep the flame to medium.
2. Once the oil becomes hot, slid the Vada into the hot oil.
3. Once the Vada is slightly golden then gently turn over with a slotted spoon and continue to fry.
4. Fry them till crisp and golden. The oil should be not very hot, but medium hot. You want the Vadas to be cooked from inside. Very hot oil will quickly brown the Vadas from outside but they will remain uncooked from inside. Less hot oil will make the Medu Vada to absorb too much oil. Even if the batter is thin then also the Medu Vadas will absorb too much oil.
5. Fry all the Medu Vada this way till they become evenly browned and crisp.
6. Drain them on kitchen tissue to remove excess oil.
7. Serve the Medhu Vadai, hot or warm with sambar and coconut chutney.

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